Climate migration conflicts

Climate migration conflicts: The Bay of Bengal region is seeing frequent extreme weather, which is combined with its strategy.

Military and civil conflicts could intensify along the Bay of Bengal coastline including that of Bangladesh.

Land loss and displacement, researchers said on Tuesday.

In Bangladesh, for example, there have been “periods of violence” between agriculture.

Hemp farmers in Khulna over salinization of water resources, they noted.

The entire Bay of Bengal area in question also covers parts of Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Myanmar, and India.

It is seeing frequent extreme weather, which combined with its strategic, social, and economic fault-lines.

Makes it “fertile ground” for social friction and violence, they warned.

The report, by think-tanks the Netherlands-based Clingendael Institute and India’s Institute of Peace.

Conflict Studies said the region was already dotted with conflicts over resources.

Identity and growing migration flows.

Climate change can widen socio-economic divides that in some cases can snowball into politics.

Instability and widened conflicts said Angshuman Choudhury, one of the report authors.

Migration is a key link in this chain of consequences.

The so-called ‘insider versus outsider’ conflicts are increasing,” he said, referring.

Tensions between those on the move and their host communities.

Disastrous floods, deadly heatwaves, and devastating cyclones are taking a heavy toll in the Bay of Bengal region.

Which covers more than 2 million sq km – impacting Bangladesh and parts of Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Myanmar, and India.

The report pointed to conflicts between social groups, communities.

The state is over control of valuable but shrinking natural resources like land, forests, water, and minerals.

It also pointed to a dozen ethnic separatist movements triggered by conflict over resources in Northeast India.

The Bay of Bengal coast is home to a quarter of the world’s population.

A perfect example of the fight over fast-disappearing land.

Report co-author Siddharth Anil Nair told a webinar.

Pointing to porous international borders cutting across countries that are home to socio-culturally similar groups.

The report flagged growing conflicts triggered by migration, identifying.

Climate-induced movement as a key driver.

And in all five countries, internal migration from coastal belts to the hinterland could lead.

Uncontrolled urbanisation, giving rise to tensions and crime, it warned.

In India, anti-immigrant violence in northeast Assam state has been triggered by people moving across.

While Bangladesh has seen local protests against Rohingya refugees from Myanmar.

Rising sea levels, in particular, could result in land and infrastructure loss in the future.

Besides altering the location and allocation of strategic military assets, researchers said.

Citing the example of Bhashan Char in Bangladesh, the report said higher seas, erosion.

Cyclones could severely impact the living conditions of Rohingya refugees on the island.

Climate pressures could also aggravate land depletion, dispossession, and degradation.

Fuelling economic and social insecurity among agrarian communities and ethnic minorities.

Leading to new phases of violent conflict, the report added.

Peace-building and development are needed to deal with the problem, he said.

It also called for the creation of a regional task force to create better early warning mechanisms.

Emergency response systems to protect affected groups.

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