Illegal sand extraction is a pressing environmental issue.
Access to and distribution of natural resources have been the subject of discord and violent conflict.
Between social groups and states throughout the history of mankind.
And greed are played as a metaphor in this context.
The illegal mining of sand degrades the environment and sometimes even leads to violent conflict.
The demand of river sand, thus, makes it one of the most profitable businesses all over the world.
And the second most usable natural resource, after water and other construction materials.
Desert sand has no use in construction work, so riverbed sand is in demand all over the world.
It has become a multinational criminal trade that affects the ecological health of the planet.
The world uses 50 billion tonnes of sand every year.
Prominent journalist Beiser stated that sand mining is becoming a very dangerous business.
He also added that the scarcity of sand and effective business regulates the sand mining industry.
The demand for sand is so intense in some places that there are organized criminal gangs to deal.
Beiser has termed the sand business as the “sand mafia.”
High demand and limited supply are leading to sand wars and killings.
In India alone 328,737 cases of illegal sand mining were filed between 2014 and 2017.
Environmental injustice creates environmental conflicts.
Illegal sand mining creates environmental injustice.
Sand mining on a large scale not only disables the riverbeds and banks.
But also impedes natural river flow. Thus, it increases the risks of rivers.
As a result of rampant extortion without any norms and standards, the floodplains go deeper.
And deeper and there are greater chances of floods.
The World Wild Fund for Nature has found that mining is responsible for a 90% drop in sediment level.
Apart from the ecological harm, sand mining is responsible for causing harm to several species of flora.
By altering the pattern of riverbeds and coastal areas.
The UN says sand mining is destroying the environment and livelihood.
Excessive extraction of sand causes the degradation of rivers.
Sand mining lowers the stream to the bottom, which leads to riverbank erosion.
Excessive sand mining is a threat to the infrastructure, farmlands, homesteads of river banks and bridges.
Sand mining affects the adjoining ground water system, causes the loss of coastal areas.
Sand mining causes the channel substrate and resumption of streambed sediment.
Clearance of vegetation and stock piling on the streambed impacts the ecology.
Many people are displaced from their habitats due to erosion and fresh water crisis.
Bangladesh is blessed with around 700 rivers estimated at 24,140km.
Illegal sand mining has become a headache for the Bangladeshi government.
Rajshahi, Kushtia, Kurigram, Sunamganj, Rajbari, Faridpur, Feni, Sirajganj, Pabna, Tangail.
And Lalmonirhat are the main hotspots of illegal sand mining.
Certain influential figures, government officials, and law enforcement members are involved in the illegal.
They are running rampant sand extraction drives right under the noses of the local administration.
But law enforcement forces do not take any action against them.